Having a basement in the new home you are building will add slightly to the cost of the house, but it will give you a lot of additional space you can use for storage purposes or for extra bedrooms and other types of living space. If you want a basement in your new home, you should be prepared to take these six steps when building your house. These steps will help keep the water out of this area, and each step is equally important.
Make Sure You Have a Good Gutter System
All of the rain water that lands on your home must be carefully removed and pushed away from the house, and the best way to do this is by having gutters and downspouts installed. The gutters will collect the water, and the downspouts will carry it away. You can attach unground pipes to the downspouts to ensure that the water is transported far enough away from your home.
Don't Skimp With Grading
Grading a house refers to leveling off the dirt in a yard in a way that will prevent water from getting into a basement. To grade your house properly, the highest areas should be those located right next to your house. The soil should be as high as possible against your foundation because this will hold the foundation in place.
When an excavator completes this job, the goal is to not only make sure the areas next to the house are the highest, but the goal is also to create a slope in the yard. This slope should go drop at least one inch for every foot. In other words, if you walked 10 feet away from your home, the ground you are standing on should be 10 inches lower than the ground against your house.
Build a Retaining wall
Another option that you can add is a retaining wall. This type of wall separates your yard into two areas. The taller area will be the area closest to your house. The lower area will be on the opposite side of the wall. Retaining walls work on the philosophy of gravity. Water from the higher area will drain to the lower area, which will be an area that is nowhere near your foundation.
Install a Sump Pump
Inside your basement, the contractor should install a sump pump in a pit. This pump is basically designed as a last resort for stopping water from getting inside. If all the other methods fail, this pump will kick on and will pump water out. The water will be sent through a pipe that extends out into your yard.
Waterproof the Foundation Walls
After the foundation walls are built or pored, the contractor should immediately waterproof them with a black tar-like substance. This is another measure that helps stop water from getting into a basement. Even though concrete is durable and thick, water can easily enter through it if it is not protected with waterproofing material.
Don't Forget To Get an Exterior Drain Tile System
Finally, you must get an exterior drain tile system installed in the yard. Without a good drainage system in your yard, the other measures may help control the water somewhat, but you will have a greater chance of having a wet a basement.
An exterior drain tile system is made up primarily of pipe and gravel. It is created by digging a trench around the entire exterior of the home. The pipe and gravel are placed in the hole, and the pipe will capture any water that gets near it. This water is also sent away from the home, which helps keep a basement dry.
If you are looking for ways to cut back on the building costs of your new home, don't cut back on these steps. Discovering water in your basement can be a nightmare, and you can avoid this by taking these six steps when building your house. To learn more about other ways to keep water away, check out the site or contact a contractor that offers exterior drain tile systems.